Potable water comes from groundwater resources like rivers and lakes and even rainwater harvesting. This is why water tanks are an integral part of any home since they store potable water for use in kitchens, bathrooms, and gardens.
However, choosing the right type of water tank for your home or business can be confusing. There are specific considerations you need to note before making your purchase. These containers also come in various shapes and sizes, each having pros and cons. Most can be delivered and installed by a professional, but typical homeowners can quickly assemble some.
Thus, if you’re planning to have one installed in your home, here’s a list of the four types of water tanks and how to choose the right one for you:
- Vertical Water Tanks
Vertical water tanks are the most popular and common type of water tank. They come in all shapes and sizes, making them versatile for home and business use. Most are made of fibreglass, but some are made of steel. These tanks can be easily installed by a professional or the average homeowner. They’re also great for areas that have low headroom as they don’t need a stand.
The main downside to vertical water tanks is that they can be pretty heavy when full, so make sure you have a sturdy foundation to place it on. They are also not as aesthetically pleasing as some other types of tanks. Additionally, they can be more expensive than different types of tanks.
Vertical water tanks are a good choice if you need a large amount of storage capacity for your home. They also provide a higher reserve water supply than other types, which is good if you live in a location where water can be scarce.
- Slimline Water Tanks
The second type is the slimline water tank. It’s built using steel and is installed horizontally, lying flat on the ground. This type of container is lightweight, so it can be easily moved around, making it easier to install than vertical water tanks.
The main downside to slimline water tanks is that their capacity is relatively low compared to other water tanks. Slimline water tanks usually hold a maximum of about 50,000 litres which may not be enough for large homes. Also, since this type is installed horizontally on the ground, it does take up a lot of space and could obstruct pathways in your premises, making it hard to move around them.
This water tank is best used by small to medium homes with relatively low water demand. They’re effortless to install, and they don’t take up too much room, so they can still be installed even in tight spaces.
- Underground Water Tanks
The next type is the underground water tank built directly into the ground. It’s usually made from galvanized steel and plastic to resist corrosion. Professionals best install it because they need to dig deep enough below your home’s foundation to ensure that it can support the tank’s weight before installing.
The main disadvantage, though, is the installation costs. Since this type of water tank is not readily available, you should expect to pay extra for the installation process, which usually takes several days, depending on how big the tank is. Additionally, underground water tanks are not very aesthetically pleasing, so you’ll have to live with a big hole in your yard.
Homes with a high-water demand can best use this type of water tank. It’s because they can store a lot of water and they’re installed underground, so they don’t take up any space on your household premises.
- Under-Deck Water Tanks
Finally, the last type is the under-deck water tank. This type is installed beneath the deck of your home, and it’s made from plastic or fibreglass. It’s an excellent alternative to traditional water tanks because it doesn’t take up any space on your property, and it’s also very discreet. This type of tank is best for small homes that don’t have a significant water demand.
The catch is that they don’t have a very high capacity, so they may not be your best bet for larger homes. They usually hold about 30,000 litres maximum, supplying water for just one or two people. Also, they’re not very durable since they can easily crack and leak, often requiring replacement.
Which Type Of Water Tank Should I Choose?
To choose the right type of water tank, you first need to know how much water your home uses daily. It can be determined by checking your water meter or contacting your local water authority. Once you know how much water you use, you can choose the right type of tank that will suit your needs.
If you have a high demand for water daily, then an underground or under-deck water tank would be the best choice for you. If you have a small home or live in an area where water is scarce, a slimline water tank would be more suitable.
Another consideration is your water pressure. If your home water system has low pressure, you will need a tank with a larger capacity to make up for this pressure drop.
Additionally, suppose you live in a region that gets very hot or cold. In that case, it’s best to get tanks made from stainless steel or polyethene, which are the most durable materials withstanding extreme weather conditions.
Finally, remember to always consult with a professional before installing any type of water tank to make sure it’s done correctly and safely.